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Every year, tens of thousands of skilled immigrants come to Canada as permanent residents. The Federal Skilled Worker Programme (FSWP) is one of the Government of Canada’s main avenues to permanent immigration. The programme uses a selection system established in 2002 that looks at the worker’s overall capacity to adapt to Canada’s labour market. It measures each applicant’s score on a grid of up to 100 points, taking into consideration factors such as education, work experience, knowledge of English or French and other criteria that have been shown to help them become economically established in Canada.
In January 2015, the Federal Government of Canada made significant changes to its immigration system. The Federal Skilled Worker programme, along with two other economic programmes (Federal Skilled Trades and the Canadian Experience Class), are now under one general selection process known as Express Entry.
The Government of Quebec offers a separate immigration avenue for permanent workers (skilled immigrants) who wish to settle in Quebec. The Ministry of Immigration, Diversity and Inclusion of Quebec (MIDI) sets the requirements and the selection process for this programme. The selected foreign nationals under this programme have to submit their final immigration application along with their selection certificate (CSQ) to the Federal Government of Canada (CIC) in order to obtain their permanent residency visa.
Some other provinces of Canada have also established particular immigration programmes with specific requirements for skilled immigrants who wish to settle in those provinces. These programmes are known as Provincial Nominee Programmes (PNP).
In order to find out more about each of these programmes, please refer to the relevant menu heading on the left side of this page.
In 2013, almost 30% of the newcomers to Canada were selected through the Skilled Worker programme!